The history of Paint Sprayer tool

Paint sprayer has moved many steps from the use of airbrushes to spray guns. The initial sprayers were cumbersome and had different challenges, which made innovators make more automated tools. Just as the paint has also evolved since time immemorial, the tool to apply the paint has also been invented and reinvented to the current tools.

The history dates back to the 18th century where Joseph Binks developed the first sprayer. It was handheld and its main function was to apply whitewash to the walls of the store where he was the supervisor at Marshall Field’s Wholesale Store in Chicago. The sprayer could only handle water-based paint, which was the white wash. In 1893, Francis Davis Millet, integrated the sprayer to make a simpler sprayer which used oil-based paint. Four years after the Second World War, Edward Seymour designed a more complex sprayer, which used the concept of aerosol. Aerosol paint was ejected out by compression method in a can.

It was after this spray gun where painting using compressing tools took center stage and more sprayers were developed but with no new concept but just the method of painting and the equipment for holding the paint. These traditional methods could not handle bulk-painting tasks within a short time.

Airgun spray

This equipment is a gun with an air compressor, paint bowl, and a nozzle. Once the paint is poured into the basin, the button triggers the compressor to mix it with steam air and the paint comes out in a gaseous state. The air pressure system ejects the steam at desired position and various patterns can be formed since you are able to regulate the amount of spray.

High Volume Low Pressure (HVLP)

This sprayer uses the science of high volume leads to low pressure. The gun compresses air to give a high volume of air mixing with paint at low pressure. At the end,  paint comes out at high-pressure ideal for bulk painting.

Low volume low pressure (LVLP)

This concept ensures there is maximum paint ejected out when the air is compressed at low volume under low pressure exerted by the compressor.

Electrostatic painting

After the conventional spray painting with volume and pressure differences, the inventor used electrostatic painting technique. This was ideal for spraying an outer layer of automotive.

All these sprays used cold paint, due to its share of challenges there was the invention of boilers in the compressors to create pressure differences to regulate the amount and level of paint ejected in the nozzles. This was to remove airless paint, which penetrates joints, cracks, and bends. The system is automated using hydraulic power system. They are of two types, battery powered airless sprays and electric air sprays. They use the same concept but produces a spray of small thickness. It is believed to reduce wastage and since most of the functions are automated, the painting process is faster.Check reviews before buying paint sprayer because It has evolved from manual systems to the current electric and automated sprayer guns.

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The history of Coffee Machines

Before the invention of the coffee makers, coffee  brewing was a simple process where water was brewed in a pot where the grounded coffee beans were placed in the and water was added, then placed in a  source of heat. Once boiled, it was sieved and served. Jean-Baptiste de Belloy an ArchBishop from Paris advised coffee should not be boiled and hence the invention of coffee machines. There are three categories of these machines percolator coffee machine, espresso machine and electric drip machine. Percolator coffee machines use vacuum technology, the espresso machines use steam technology and the electric machines use drip technology. Coffee machines use the concept of either a filter paper or a metallic sieve to sieve the ground coffee after brewing. They have inbuilt heater to raise the boiling point of cold water and mixed with the coffee. After which the mixture is directed through a funnel to a pot then finally a tap where you can regulate the amount you want to out in the cup.


Percolator coffee machines

The first coffee machine dates back in 1818. Mr. Laurens designed it in Paris, France. It used the percolator to filter coffee sediments, up to the 19th century where James Napier used his engineering knowledge to design a siphon vacuum coffee machine that uses vacuum packing technology and a filter paper to separate the liquid from the solid as opposed to the original machine, which used perforated compartments to filter the sediments.  However, the technology was cumbersome and complex, this leads to other inventors to create a less complex appliance with the same technology. The other

disadvantage was its inability to regulate the intensity of the coffee taste. A German housewife, Melitta Bentz used the filter technology and a mixture of already heated water to brew a mild coffee. This gave birth to Melitta Bentz, a coffee machine company that hit the market with a boom through maximum sales. They patented the technology to have full rights of the technology.


Espresso machine

A French native called Louis Bernard Rabaut invented the first espresso machine, in 1822. In 1901, an Italian engineer, Luigi Bezzera invented and patented another espresso machine. His machine has become the symbol of all espresso machines for a long time until Achilles Gaggia in 1946 invented the first automatic espresso coffee machine using drip technology. The growth of the invention was halted due to the Second World War; after the recess, he continued to manufacturer the machine, which has become the current renowned brand for espresso machine under Gaggia company(


Electric drip coffee makers

These machines use thermostat and siphon principle in boiling water and maintaining the heat. The coffee maker has two compartments one for cold water and the other for hot water. Heat is passed through an insulated hose triggered by pressure; the coffee moves through a filter and finally drips through a tap for use.


The market currently stocks Electric drip coffee makers more compared t the traditional coffee machines. They are simple to use and produce brewed coffee of desired strength. The insulated chambers and pipes keep the drink hot at all times.

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The history of table tennis

Table tennis dates back in the 1880s, it took center stage as an indoor game due to extreme weather conditions associated with the winter season. After twenty years, Parker brothers, a renowned board company in United states adopted the trademark Ping-Pong- the sound the butt and the ball produces; though the origin of the name was from a firm in Europe, J. Jaques, and Son. The game became popular in the beginning of the 19th century, which was the formation of Ping Pong association but later renamed as Table tennis association in 1922.

histoyofttThe game was popular in America and Europe, the time the association was formed; a visiting Japanese Professor adopted the game and introduced it to its students in the university. It later gained entry in Budapest and Vienna after Edward Shires, a salesman from the UK, offered lessons on the game.

Initially, the high class played the game. It slowly gained populace in the middle class in London city, the government decided to take a step and organize a tournament, which was successful and received numerous sponsorships. It led to the emergence of a league accommodating all teams from all the cities in Britain irrespective of financial class. The league consisted of various clubs from England.

The Daily monitor became the first gold sponsor of the tournament and massive media advertisement saw a registration of over 4,000 participants. It became the first ever tournament in London. In 1927, the league led to the formation of English Table Tennis Association, the son of Lord Earthling, Ivor Montague, was the chairman. His passion for architecture made him a key stakeholder in the design of tennis tables. The game has over 19 leagues registered under the association. Currently, it boasts of 300 leagues with 75,000 players registered in various leagues within the Association.

Dr. Jacobi, a Hungarian was the first winner of the World championships in 1927. This encouraged more Hungarians to participate in the sport and dominated gold medals in the World Championships throughout the 1930s apart from 1929, when an English man Fred Perry, broke the record.


In 1950, the Japanese invented a new bat with sponge covering the circular part of the paddle, the association adopted the new equipment though after numerous debates and stakeholders consent. It becomes the universal equipment recommended by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF)  The advantage of the new equipment was quick ball bounce which made players change tactics in ball attacks. It also saw improved body movement to conquer the fastball response due to the spongy material.

The sport was first included in the Olympic championships in Seoul in 1988, it has then received wide media coverage. The most spectacular were the 2 billion audience in the men singles. Chinese are the renowned players of Table Tennis. It is widely played at any playground, workplaces, recreation centers and any outdoor event. The Chinese government regards any top Table Tennis players as heroes and gives state arrivals and departures for their players attending any championships.

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Marketing Strategy Evolution

Content marketing has been in existence from time immemorial. Renowned brands have a history of the evolution of their marketing strategies. ‘History repeats itself’ some of the old methods are currently being used but with the integration of technology and industrialization techniques. Industrialization and technological era have brought about drastic changes in the way publishers, writers and scholars portray their works. The old school method skipped the standard sales procedure. Uptake was low, though it enhanced customer loyalty. The second era was characterized by the mass production of content where new writers joined the league, this increased demand for content and old brand had to incorporate the changing techniques to stay relevant in the market. The third phase was the advertising every brand had to be creative to increase their presence in the flooded market. The last stage is digital marketing.

Pre-industrialization era

In this era, there were very few brands and they concentrated on providing content to already existing customers. The brands mainly reached self-optimization levels and there was no major marketing process. Each brand had defined their niches and customers; to reach the target audience proved an uphill task due to poor infrastructural developments. The monopoly of experienced publishers frustrated new writers due to fear of competition. Government policies also hindered the growth of content marketing. You had to pass through renowned publishers to get your work to the audience and this became too expensive. The emergence of technology made the industry take a whole new turn resulting to the second stage.

Production era

This was era between 1985 and 1930. During this time, new brands came up and their aim was to focus on production of content on different niches neglected by the old brands. It was automatic there was a market for their content since everyone wanted to have an idea in any of the relevant fields. Old brands had no option but to include some of the topics to compete with the new content in the market. This rose to a sharp rise in high-quality content and availability of information, the only challenge was access to information to the relevant market.

Analog marketing era

This was the era of competition. There was a scramble for the market as a result, consumers benefitted from accurate and relevant information. Content managers had no option but to resort to advertising as a way of convincing the consumers to buy their information. The advertising platform saw a rise in sales, due to the scramble for advertising space. Radio and TV advertisement was the norm.

Digital marketing era

This is the modern content marketing strategy characterized by advanced technology, which has seen the rise in access to information globally. Some of the old brands had to restructure their operations to include the current advertising platforms like Customer Relationship Management(CRM) tool, social media platforms, and other online marketing tools. There are many CRM to choose from that would definitely fit your needs(ActiveCampaign, ConvertKit, Ontraport, Mailchimp). So have you asked yourself “go with infusionsoft? Or Convertkit?“, so better check reviews and get the deep analysis of Ontraport or other CRM tools.

The marketing evolution strategy has taken about 120 years to its current state. Industrialization and technological advancement have played a big role to the sharp dynamism in the content production and accessibility.evolution12

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The best grilled food of all time

Old books

grilled-meatsThe sharp rise in obesity cases among children and adult population has led to an emphasis on healthy cooking methods like grilling. It maintains the nutritive value of the food as well as produce tasty and delicious bites. Grilling uses the smoke and the heat from the grill to cook the meal mostly by using backyard smoker . There are no chemicals, fats, and oils- responsible for obesity and overweight, added on the foods while grilling.  Red meat, white meat, starch and vegetables like cauliflower are among the most common grilled dishes.

Modern restaurants have mastered the art of incorporating different ingredients over the grill to make unique and mouthwatering meals. Grilled food can be main meals, drinks, desserts or breakfast accompaniments.

Grilled chicken

Grilled chicken is the most famous in many restaurants. It is easy and simple since most of its ingredients are readily available. However, restaurants have added spices and more ingredients to create a brand for unique chicken grilled meals. You can use the inbuilt grill on the cooker or invest in an outdoor grilling equipment to prepare the meals. The chicken can make numerous recipes from different chicken parts. You must shake the chicken skin for the best result of grilled chicken. The parts include breasts, necks, legs, wings and full chicken with all the parts included.

Grilled meats

Getting good at smoking meats for your family include pork, lamb, and beef. Like chicken, they can also be grilled as whole or different parts.  Some of the parts include the tongue, eyes, steak, and legs.  You can also decide to add ingredients to make a sauce and further produce unique and delicious meals.

Grilled starch

You can grill sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, cassava, and arrowroots. The outcome is awesome. The grilling method of cooking can be tested on different foods as long as the meals are well cooked. This meal is ideal for vegetarians. A chef can include different spices and ingredients for a better outcome.

Grilled drinks

If you want to deviate from the norm in recipes, you can try out grilling soft drinks and juices. All you need is to grill the fruit and squeeze it in water, or make the fresh juice and warm it on the grill for warmth. Grilled coffee and tea are also ideal for the winter season.

Grilled fruits

Pineapple, mango, lemon, tomatoes, and oranges are commonly grilled fruits. The grilling marks on them give an appetizing and an awesome look.

There is no definite way of grilling these foods; all you require is either use of the fast cooker or the slower cooker as you regulate the temperature for great results. Summertime offers an ideal environment for outdoor grilling. Outdoor event organizers prefer grilled meals for convenience. It also gives the consumer first-hand impression on the source and ingredients of the menu served. To improve on the taste several additives, spices and ingredients are added to the foods. The grilled cooker is must have for any homeowner; restaurants should also invest on the best grilling equipment.




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Famous Dogs in History

Old books


Among all domestic animals, dogs the most famous. The pets have become part of family membership; intensive and comprehensive care is vital for their effectiveness. There are numerous dog species worldwide, different species are dominant on specific characters. The following are the five most famous dogs and their reasons for fame.


Laika is a dog famous for circumnavigating the earth. Its origin is still a misery; the Soviet space experts rescued it in the streets of Moscow and used it for the space program. The female dog successfully completed the mission but on return, it died on the way due to poor technology. It is one dog, which mastered the art of fast communication and ideal for the mission.

Hachiko BS

Hachiko originated from Odette, Japan. It became famous for the writing for its master at the Shibuya train station daily at the same time to offer an escort to the master back home. The master, Hidesaburo Ueno was a University professor at Tokyo University. The dog became famous for that habit for nine more years after the death of the master due to heart failure. The dog later died in 1935, in the streets of Shibuya town.


Apollo was a German shepherd police dog trained to help find and rescue survivors during catastrophes. Apollo was among other colleagues entitled with the responsibility during the September 11 Bomb Blast attack in Twin Towers USA. He became renowned for rescuing the highest number of people by working 16 hours a day; compared to six hours, he is trained to work. In the midst of despair and hopelessness, he managed to detect many survivors surpassing the human rescuers.


This was a military dog, which followed instructions to the later. It became famous through its loyalty to his master Corporal Dustin J. Lee were US Marine Corps deployed in Fallujah; Iraq. He rose to fame by standing by the side of Lee’s dead body despite his serious injuries. It took the intervention of military personnel to take it away for treatment. He was later adopted at in military retirement homes as an ex- military dog assigned in visiting and comforting wounded soldiers. He had to be relieved of his duties early but later succumbed to cancer at the age of 13. Lex was a fighter he sustained multiple 50 bullets but still soldiered on with life. He could not leave his master and protected the master up to the last minute.


This dog’s name came from the renowned “Benji”- a movie directed by Joe Camp in 1974. Its prominence came out when he managed to rescue two children who were kidnapped. The crossbreed dog has acted in several movies including Higgins. His owner has been checking the list of foods safe for dogs and wondering if cinnamon is okay since he has been exposed to many activities. It originated from Burbank Animal Shelter; where he was adopted, nurtured and trained on a rescue mission during kidnappings.

Dog training are a heavy investment for many homeowners and military; they are celebrated for their exemplary performance in carrying out extraordinary duties. The German shepherd dogs’ are renowned for rescue missions



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